Wood Fuels

Advanced wood fuel includes cord wood, wood pellets, or chips. While pellets are often more expensive than the others, they are cleaner burning and more efficient—making the cost per MMBTU about the same. Woodstoves offer many benefits for DIYers who don’t mind stacking and hauling wood. Pellet stoves and boilers represent increasing levels of automation, efficiency, and convenience.

  • Most years, wood fuels are less expensive than fuel oil and propane
  • Renewable and local: money stays in Vermont’s economy
  • Fuel types are compatible with a range of systems

The State of Vermont offers additional incentives for advanced wood pellet heating systems. Visit the Renewable Energy Resource Center to learn more.

Woodstoves and Pellet Stoves

A quintessential symbol of Vermont, the advanced woodstove delivers higher efficiency, a cleaner burn, and more capacity to heat large spaces. According to the EPA, new, high-efficiency pellet and wood stoves:

  • Are up to 50% more energy efficient
  • Save money, time, and resources
  • Can use 1/3 less wood fuel for the same heat
  • Reduce creosote build-up and the risk of chimney fires

Central Pellet Boilers

Central pellet boilers can be an appealing choice for businesses and larger homes. They work like any other whole-building central boiler system, only with bulk wood pellets as a fuel source. A truck periodically delivers a supply of pellets, which are automatically fed from a storage room to the boiler.

  • A fully automated, set-it-and-forget-it solution
  • Delivers whole-building and hot-water heating
  • Higher cost of system can be offset by incentives, financing, and long-term fuel savings

Wood Chip Boiler Systems

Wood chip systems are the most common type of biomass used in commercial and institutional applications like colleges, hospitals, and municipal facilities. They offer total automation, excellent fuel-price savings and stability, and opportunities for sustainable branding. For smaller facilities and office buildings, dry woodchip systems are a more affordable option, but they require specialty woodchips that have been dried to a lower moisture content.

  • Supports Vermont’s working forests
  • Good for the Vermont economy: creates local jobs and keeps energy dollars in state
  • Demonstrates a commitment to clean energy